What is Constitution 1

Constitution is the set of rules which tells about the political structure of the country it is the supreme law of land
which provides convenience as well as regulations for all the citizens living in a country.

how many types of Constitution

There are generally 2 types of Constitution

What is Constitution 1

Written Constitution

In the written constitution there is supremacy of the Constitution

In the written Constitution the Constitution is the mother of the Parliament
In the Written Constitution the Constitutional Amendments are very tough and in all the cases it requires a special majority 2/3rd
In the written Constitution the Constitutional Amendments can be reviewed by the court of law

Unwritten Constitution

In the unwritten constitution there is supremacy of the Parliament
In the written Constitution the Constitution is the Child of the Parliament
In the Written Constitution the Constitutional Amendments are very easy and flexible and in all the cases it requires
a simple majority 50%+1
In the written Constitution the Constitutional Amendments cannot be reviewed by the court of law

Preamble of the Indian Constitution

The term preamble refers to the first page of the Constitution or we can say it is the preface of the Constitution, an eminent
jurist N.A Palkhivala called the preamble as the “identity card of the constitution’. By reading the preamble of any constitution one can understand the basic nature of the country.

The Preamble of the Constitution says India is –

1. Sovereign

The word sovereignty has been taken from the French Constitution. India adopted the concept of sovereignty in the year 1952.
Sovereign country is a country which is not only physically free but it is also free to make its own policies and laws i.e there
is no interference of any foreign country while making the policies and laws by the government of India

2. Socialist

A socialist country is a country where the policies and laws which are made by the government are not anti-social.

The main aim of socialism is to end the six evils of the society

What is Constitution 1

A. Poverty
B. Malnutrition
C. Discrimination
D. Untouchbility
E. Ignorance
F. Inequality

3. Secular

A secular country is a country where there is absence of religion i.e. a country which is not having its own state religion.
In India positive form of secularism is followed where all the religions have been given equal right

4. Democratic

A democratic country is a country where the government of the country is elected by people and where all the citizens of the
country has the right to take part in the elections. In the democracy there is concept of Bi party or the Multi party
System. The democracy is further divided into direct and indirect democracy.

5. Republic

Republic country is a country where the head of the country comes through the electoral process and not through the
hereditary process

Also Read  भारतीय संविधान के भाग 

Also Read Fundamental duties

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