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Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) articles 36-51
The DPSP has been mentioned in part IV of the Constitution and articles 36-51 of the Constitution refer to it. Directive Principles of State Policy Hindi Meaning राज्य के नीति निर्देशक सिद्धांत या तत्व .The concept of DPSP has been taken from the Constitution of Ireland (originally DPSP belongs to Spain).
The difference between the Fundamental Rights and the DPSP indicates that the Fundamental Rights are enforceable and, in case of violation, the person can go directly to the court of law, while the DPSP is not enforceable and, in case of infringement, the person cannot You can go to court. In 1984, the Supreme Court in the landmark ruling said that although DPSPs are not enforceable, they should not be avoided, and all government policies should be taken into account.
Also, Read MAKING OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
articles 36. Definition In this Part, unless the context requires otherwise, “the State” has the same meaning as in Part III.
articles 37. Application of the principles contained in this Part The provisions contained in this Part shall not be enforceable by any court, but the principles established therein are, nevertheless, fundamental in the governance of the country and it will be the State’s duty to apply these principles when doing laws.
articles 38. State to ensure a social order for the promotion of people’s well-being.
(1) The State shall endeavour to promote the welfare of the people by ensuring and protecting as effectively as possible a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, will inform all the institutions of national life.
(2) The State, in particular, shall endeavour to minimize inequalities in income and shall endeavour to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities, and opportunities, not only among individuals but also among groups of individuals residing in different areas or have different vocations. (Added by the 44th Amendment Act of 1978)
articles 39. Certain policy principles to be followed by the State, in particular, will guide its policy to ensure: (a) that citizens, men and women alike, have the right to an adequate livelihood; (b) that the ownership and control of the community’s material resources are distributed in the best way to serve the common good.
(c) that the functioning of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and the means of production to the common detriment;
(d) that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women;
(e) that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to engage in activities not appropriate for their age or force
(f) that opportunities are provided to children and facilities to develop in a healthy way and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that children and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material neglect. (Added by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976)
articles 39A. Equal justice and free legal assistance The State shall guarantee that the functioning of the judicial system promotes justice, under conditions of equal opportunities and, in particular, it shall provide free legal assistance, through the appropriate legislation or regimes or in any other way, for Ensure that no citizen is denied opportunities to ensure justice on the grounds of economic or other disability. (Added by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976)
articles 40. Organization of the village panchayats The State will take the necessary measures to organize the village panchayats and endow them with the powers and authority necessary for them to function as units of self-government.
articles 41. Right to work, education and public assistance in certain cases The State, within the limits of its economic capacity and development, shall adopt effective provisions to guarantee the right to work, education and public assistance in cases of unemployment. old age, illness and disability, and in other cases of undeserved misery.
articles 42. Provisions on just and humane working conditions and maternity relief. The State will make provisions to guarantee fair and humane working conditions and for maternity relief.
articles 43. The living wage, etc., for workers The State will endeavour to ensure, through adequate legislation or economic organization or in any other way, to all workers, agricultural, industrial or otherwise, a living wage, working conditions that ensure a decent standard of living and full enjoyment of recreation and social and cultural opportunities and, in particular, the State will strive to promote the artisan industry, individually or cooperatively, in rural areas.
articles 43A. Participation of workers in the management of industries The State will take measures, through appropriate legislation or in any other way, to ensure the participation of workers in the management of companies, establishments or other organizations that are dedicated to any industry. (Added by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976)
articles 44. Uniform Civil Code for Citizens The State will endeavour to guarantee citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.
articles 45. Provision of free and compulsory education for children The State shall endeavour to provide, within ten years from the beginning of this Constitution, free and compulsory education for all children up to their fourteenth birthday.
articles 46. Promotion of the educational and economic interests of the registered cases, the registered tribes and other weaker sectors. The State will promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weakest sectors of the people and, in particular, of the Recognized Castes and Tribes, and will protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
articles 47. Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health The State should consider raising the level of nutrition and the level of the life of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State will endeavour to achieve the prohibition of consumption, except for medicinal purposes, of intoxicating beverages and drugs harmful to health.
articles 48. Organization of agriculture and livestock The State will endeavour to organize agriculture and livestock along modern and scientific lines and, in particular, will take measures to preserve and improve breeds and prohibit the slaughter of cows and calves and other types of milk. and draft cattle.
articles 48A. Protection and improvement of the environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife. The State will strive to protect and improve the environment and safeguard the country’s forests and wildlife. (Added by the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976)
articles 49. Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance It will be the obligation of the State to protect every monument, place or object of artistic or historical interest declared of national importance by law or by Parliament, against looting, disfigurement, destruction, removal, disposal or export, as the case may be.
articles 50. Separation of the judicial power from the executive The State will take the necessary measures to separate the judicial power from the executive in the public services of the State.
articles 51. Promotion of international peace and security The State shall endeavour to (a) promote international peace and security; (b) maintain just and honourable relations between nations; (c) promote respect for international law and the obligations of treaties in the treatment of organized peoples among themselves, and (d) promote the resolution of international disputes through arbitration.
and other milch and draught cattle and to improve their breeds (Article 48).